Careers rarely develop the way we plan them. Our career path often takes many twists and turns, with particular events, choices and people influencing our direction.

We asked Michael Bohane from BioPharmachem Ireland to give some advice for people considering this job:


Michael Bohane

QA Manager

BioPharmachem Ireland

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  Michael Bohane
Be prepared for responsibility and the rewards and problems that come with responsibility. It is very important to be comfortable making decisions and living with them. While it is impossible to be right all of the time the majority of decisions you make have to be correct.

Realists are usually interested in 'things' - such as buildings, mechanics, equipment, tools, electronics etc. Their primary focus is dealing with these - as in building, fixing, operating or designing them. Involvement in these areas leads to high manual skills, or a fine aptitude for practical design - as found in the various forms of engineering.

Realists like to find practical solutions to problems using tools, technology and skilled work. Realists usually prefer to be active in their work environment, often do most of their work alone, and enjoy taking decisive action with a minimum amount of discussion and paperwork.
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Adult Learner

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Study Skills for Adults

Returning to learning as an adult can be exciting and daunting all at the same time. Studying again may feel like a language we don't undertsand and something we perhaps did years ago, or never did at all!

However, it is important not to forget that making more efficient and effective use of study time is another way to improve exam performance. 

For some learners, exploring other ways of ‘doing study’ may prove the most useful approach to gaining better results and at no extra cost in terms of money or time.

We invite you to take a little time out to look closely at the way you study, to examine your ‘study methods’ and techniques with a view to making improvements to them. Making changes to what you do when you study can bring surprising rewards.

For example, sports people, musicians, writers, and actors are constantly looking at ways of making their performance better. Success in any of these fields of activity rarely happens without coaching. Study is no different. It is well worth while taking time out to look critically and honestly at the way we study if we are to improve our performance. 

Good Study Habits

The following habits are central to improving your study skills

1. Decide what to study (reasonable task) and how long or how many (chapters, pages, problems, etc.). Set and stick to deadlines.

2. Do difficult tasks first. To avoid procrastination, start off with an interesting aspect of the project.

3. Have special places to study. Take into consideration lighting, temperature, and availability of materials.

4. Study 50 minutes, and then take a 10 minute break. Stretch, relax, have an energy snack.

5. Allow longer, "massed" time periods for organising relationships and concepts, outlining and writing papers. Use shorter, "spaced" time intervals for rote memorisation, review, and self-testing. Use odd moments for recall / review.

6. If you get tired or bored, switch task / activity, subject or environment. Stop studying when you are no longer being productive.

7. Do rote memory tasks and review, especially details, just before you fall asleep.

8. Study with a friend. Quiz each other, compare notes and predict test questions.

Study Traps

1 "I Don't Know Where To Begin"
  Take Control. Make a list of all the things you have to do. Break your workload down into manageable chunks. Prioritise! Schedule your time realistically.
2 I've Got So Much To Study . . . And So Little Time"
  Preview. Survey your syllabus, reading material, and notes. Identify the most important topics emphasised, and areas still not understood. Organise and focus in on the main topics. Adapt this method to your own style and study material.
3 "This Stuff Is So Dry, I Can't Even Stay Awake Reading It"
  Get actively involved with the text as you read. Ask yourself, "What is important to remember about this section?" Take notes or underline key concepts. Discuss the material with others in your class. Study together. Stay on the offensive, especially with material that you don't find interesting, rather than reading passively and missing important points.
4 "I Read It. I Understand It. But I Just Can't Get It To Sink In"
  Elaborate. We remember best the things that are most meaningful to us. As you are reading, try to elaborate upon new information with your own examples. Try to integrate what you're studying with what you already know. You will be able to better remember new material if you can link it to something that's already meaningful to you.
5 "I Think I Understand It"
  Test yourself. Make up questions about key sections in notes or reading. Keep in mind what the lecturer has stressed in the course. Examine the relationships between concepts and sections. Often, simply by changing section headings you can generate many effective questions.
6 "There's Too Much To Remember"

Organise. Information is recalled well if it is represented in an organised framework that will make retrieval more systematic. There are many techniques that can help you organise new information, including:

• Write chapter outlines or summaries; emphasise relationships between sections.
• Group information into categories or hierarchies, where possible.
• Information Mapping. Draw up a matrix to organise and interrelate material

7 "I Knew It A Minute Ago"
  Review. After reading a section, try to recall the information contained in it. Try answering the questions you made up for that section. If you cannot recall enough, re-read portions you had trouble remembering. The more time you spend studying, the more you tend to recall. Even after the point where information can be perfectly recalled, further study makes the material less likely to be forgotten entirely. In other words, you can't over-study. However, how you organise and integrate new information is still more important than how much time you spend studying.
8 "I'm Gonna Stay Up All Night Until I Get This"
  Avoid Mental Exhaustion. Take short breaks often when studying. When you take a study break, and just before you go to sleep at night, don't think about study. Relax and unwind, mentally and physically.
Source: NUIM Study Skills Module
  Hint: Civil and Public Service Jobs
Job roles can and do vary throughout the Civil Service and so I plan on continuing my development and training throughout my career.
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