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Michelle Ryan

Corporate Sales Manager

Failte Ireland

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  Michelle Ryan
Firstly it is very important that you get a third level education as this is a requirement in most hotels for a job in sales. This is the most important step in working in hotel sales. You should gain as much experience within the industry which I found very beneficial.
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Optometrist

Job Zone

Education
Most of these occupations require post-graduate qualifications. For example, they may require a masters degree, and some require a Ph.D., or M.D.

Related Experience
Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialised medical training to be able to do their job.

Job Training
Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

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These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organisational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, aerospace engineers, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and most scientists.

€30k > 50 
Optometrist
Salary Range
(thousands per year)*
€30 - 50 
Related Information:
Entrant: 30
Senior: 45 - 50
Data Source(s):
FAS

Last Updated: March, 2011

* The lower figures typically reflect starting salaries. Higher salaries are awarded to those with greater experience and responsibility. Positions in Dublin sometimes command higher salaries.
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At a Glance... header image

Studies the health of the human eye, and provides diagnosis and treatment for any conditions relating to it.


The Work header image

Optometrists (formerly known as ophthalmic opticians) work in three main areas - private practice, hospitals and lens manufacture. By far the largest number work in private practice where they examine patients' eyes by running a series of tests in a logical order. Using observation and questions, the optometrist can learn about the general health of the eyes.  
 
At an early stage, the amount the patient can read with each unaided eye is established. The optometrist then examines the eye tissues from a variety of directions, using instruments that shine light into the patient's eye and magnify various features, such as the cornea and retina. If a serious abnormality or disease is detected, further tests can be done and a full report is sent to the patient's doctor.  
 
At a later stage in the examination, the optometrist places combinations of lenses in front of one or both eyes, to check how well the eye focuses. This will also detect any errors in colour vision and binocular vision. If a vision problem is diagnosed, the optometrist works out a prescription to correct it.  
 
In some practices, particularly small ones, the optometrist will go on to supply and fit spectacles and test the accuracy of the lenses. In larger practices, a dispensing optician will assist the optometrist. Experienced optometrists may specialise in prescribing contact lenses or in correcting the visual problems of young children.  
 
Glass or lens manufacturers employ optometrists to research into lens theory and design, optical instrumentation and optical design. Much of the work is laboratory based and there is little contact with patients. 


Tasks & Activitiesheader image

The following is a list of the most commonly reported tasks and activities for this occupation

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Examine eyes, using observation, instruments and pharmaceutical agents, to determine visual acuity and perception, focus and coordination and to diagnose diseases and other abnormalities such as glaucoma or color blindness.

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Prescribe medications to treat eye diseases if state laws permit.

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Prescribe, supply, fit and adjust eyeglasses, contact lenses and other vision aids.

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Analyze test results and develop a treatment plan.

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Educate and counsel patients on contact lens care, visual hygiene, lighting arrangements and safety factors.

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Remove foreign bodies from the eye.

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Consult with and refer patients to ophthalmologist or other health care practitioner if additional medical treatment is determined necessary.

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Provide patients undergoing eye surgeries, such as cataract and laser vision correction, with pre- and post-operative care.

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Prescribe therapeutic procedures to correct or conserve vision.

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Provide vision therapy and low vision rehabilitation.

Work Activities header image

The following is a list of the most commonly reported work activities in this occupation.

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Getting Information:  Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

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Making Decisions and Solving Problems:  Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.

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Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge:  Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.

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Analyzing Data or Information:  Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

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Performing for or Working Directly with the Public:  Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.

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Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events:  Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.

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Processing Information:  Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.

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Assisting and Caring for Others:  Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.

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Monitoring and Controlling Resources:  Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.

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Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships:  Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.


Knowledge header image

The following is a list of the five most commonly reported knowledge areas for this occupation.

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Medicine and Dentistry:  Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.

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Customer and Personal Service:  Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

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Mathematics:  Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

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Biology:  Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.

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English Language:  Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.


Skillsheader image

The following is a list of the most commonly reported skills used in this occupation.

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Reading Comprehension:   Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

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Science:   Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

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Critical Thinking:   Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

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Active Listening:   Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

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Active Learning:   Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

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Judgment and Decision Making:   Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

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Speaking:   Talking to others to convey information effectively.

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Monitoring:   Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

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Social Perceptiveness:   Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

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Service Orientation:   Actively looking for ways to help people.

Personal Qualitiesheader image

Optometrists need to relate well to patients and have good communication skills. You will need tact, understanding and the ability to inspire confidence in others. Good judgement, accurate powers of observation and a logical, methodical approach to your work are also necessary.


Further Informationheader image

A detailed description of this occupation can be found on a number of online databases. Follow the link(s) below to access this information:

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Go..   Optometrist - from:  N.C.S. [UK]
Go..   Optometrist - from:  Alis [video]
Go..   Optometrist - from:  GradIreland

Contactsheader image

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Organisation: Association of Optometrists of Ireland
  Address: 18 Greenmount Office Park, Harold's Cross Road, Dublin 6W
  Tel: (01) 453 8850
  Email: info@optometrists.ie
  Url www.optometrists.ie
   

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Organisation: Opticians Board
  Address: 18 Fitzwilliam Square, Dublin 2
  Tel: (01) 676 7416
  Email: administrator@opticiansboard.ie
  Url www.opticiansboard.ie
   

 

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Career Guidance

This occupation is popular with people who have the following Career Interests...

Investigative  Social  Realist 

...and for people who like working in the following Career Sectors:

Medical & Healthcare

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