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Caroline Austin

Associate Tax Lawyer

Irish Tax Institute

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  Caroline Austin
A common misconception about a career in tax is that it is just about numbers, however, tax law has a strong basis in legislation and case law. Therefore, it is really suitable for graduates from a legal background, or for qualified solicitors and barristers.

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Most of these occupations require post-graduate qualifications. For example, they may require a masters degree, and some require a Ph.D., or M.D.

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Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialised medical training to be able to do their job.

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Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

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These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organisational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, aerospace engineers, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and most scientists.

€32k > 86 
Salary Range
(thousands per year)*
€32 - 86 
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Last Updated: April, 2014

* The lower figures typically reflect starting salaries. Higher salaries are awarded to those with greater experience and responsibility. Positions in Dublin sometimes command higher salaries.
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At a Glance... header image

Studies the way people think and act and uses their understanding to help people with difficulties to change their lives for the better.

Videos & Interviews header image

1Total Records: 2

Elaine MacDonald
Psychologist - Clinical  

Elaine MacDonald works as a Clinical Psychologist in St Michael's House. She did a BA degree in English literature and Philosophy in Trinity College Dublin. After a period of time teaching in Japan she decided to return home and train as a Clinical Psychologist. She completed the Higher Diploma in Psychology (DipPsych) in UCD which then allowed her to undertake training to be a Clinical Psychologist which she completed at the University of North Wales (Bangor).

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Aoife Lyons
Occupational Psychologist  

Aoife works as an Occupational Psychologist for the Public Appointments Service and is based in Dublin. After completing her primary degree, she completed her Masters in Occupational Psychology in the University of Manchester. She is directly involved in the selecting and designing of aptitude tests for various roles in the Civil Service, and in interpreting the results of these.

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The Work header image

There are various different types of psychologist, although they all use their understanding of the way we think and act to help people to change their lives for the better by analysing our thoughts, emotions and behaviour.

Clinical psychologists help people who have physical and mental health problems. They aim to reduce stress and to enhance and promote psychological wellbeing. For example, they may train people in relaxation techniques to help them cope with anxiety. They also work with people who have eating disorders, phobias, HIV/AIDS, head injuries and problems linked to age. Clinical psychologists work in different hospitals and community settings.

Health psychologists apply psychological knowledge and methods to the study of behaviour relevant to health care. For example, they may investigate why and when people seek professional advice, what might prevent them from complying with medication, and how they cope with illness. Health psychologists usually work in universities, medical schools and health services.

Educational psychologists study and treat the learning, behavioural and emotional problems of children and young people, from birth up to the age of 19 years. They assess young people's progress, and academic and emotional needs. Increasingly, educational psychologists help teachers to improve the school environment, recognising that this can influence young people's behaviour and ability to learn. Educational psychologists usually work in schools, colleges, nurseries and special units.

Occupational psychologists look at the performance of people at work and in training and apply psychological knowledge. They are involved in issues like the selection and training of staff, effective management and the working environment. They work for large companies, the government and public services, management training centres and as private consultants.

Counselling psychologists help people improve their sense of well-being, resolve crises and increase their problem solving abilities. Counselling psychologists may work with individuals, groups or families. Some work privately, others in GPs' surgeries, counselling organisations and academic settings.

Forensic psychologists give evidence in courts of law and tribunals, and to prisoners' review panels. They help offenders to understand their behaviour and to avoid re-offending on release. Some forensic psychologists are involved in prison management, others work with the victims of crime. Forensic psychologists work in prisons, youth custody centres, special units and regional secure hospitals.


Personal Qualitiesheader image

To work in any of the psychology careers, you must have a strong interest in the way people think and act. You must also be committed to helping people transform their lives in a positive way.

Psychologists need investigative minds and a logical, methodical approach to solving problems. You must have the intellectual ability and psychological knowledge to understand behaviour in a scientific way. A keen interest in human behaviour and a scientific approach to problem solving are important skills for a psychologist.

You will also need excellent communication and interpersonal skills. You must be able to build a trusting, constructive relationship with clients. Many psychologists also need strong team skills; for example, clinical psychologists may work alongside consultants, nurses, occupational therapists and social workers. The ability to express your findings, including in reports, is an important part of many psychologists' careers.

This work can be very demanding, so you must be generally enthusiastic and able to bounce back from setbacks. You are likely to be involved with some clients who have severe problems, who display vulnerability and extremes of emotion. You must therefore be resilient and able to avoid becoming burdened by the difficulties you encounter. This means having a calm, professional approach at all times. You must also have a strict respect for your clients' confidentiality.

Entry Routesheader image

In order to become a Psychologist, an accredited honours undergraduate degree where psychology is the major subject is required.

Completion of a recognised postgraduate training programme in a specialist area  i.e Clinical Psychology, Counselling psychology, Educational psychology, Forensic Psychology, Health psychology, Neuropsychology, Organisational psychology, Sports psychology, Research /Academic psychology, Cyberpsychology is then possible.

Entrants can enhance their chances of achieving a place on such a programme by achieving a high grade at undergraduate level (minimum 2.1 grade) and obtaining further research or academic experience relevant to the field of clinical psychology. This can be by way of voluntary or paid work.

Courses are currently offered by:

  • National University of Ireland, Galway
  • University College Dublin
  • University of Dublin
  • Trinity College Dublin
  • University of Limerick
  • Queen’s University Belfast

Last Updated: May, 2015

Further Informationheader image

A detailed description of this occupation can be found on a number of online databases. Follow the link(s) below to access this information:

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Go..Clinical Psychologist - from:  N.C.S. [UK]
Go..Clinical Psychologist - from:  icould [UK] Video
Go..Psychologist - from:  N.C.S. [UK]
Go..Psychologist, clinical - from:  GradIreland
Go..Psychologist, educational - from:  GradIreland
Go..Psychologist, sports - from:  GradIreland

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Contactsheader image


Organisation: Psychological Society of Ireland (PSI)
  Address: CX House, 2A Corn Exchange Place, Poolbeg Street, Dublin 2
  Tel: (01) 474 9160
  Email: Click here
  Url Click here


Organisation: British Psychological Society
  Address: St Andrews House, 48 Princess Road East, Leicester LE1 7DR
  Tel: +44 (0)116 254 9568
  Email: Click here
  Url Click here


Organisation: British Psychological Society
  Address: St Andrews House, 48 Princess Road East, Leicester LE1 7DR
  Tel: +44 (0)116 254 9568
  Email: Click here
  Url Click here


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Industry Expert

Career Articles

Andrew Allen - Psychologist
A Day in the Life of a Clinical Psychologist

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