Careers rarely develop the way we plan them. Our career path often takes many twists and turns, with particular events, choices and people influencing our direction.

We asked Chris Bell from Lidl to give some advice for people considering this job:


Chris Bell

Operations Manager



  Chris Bell
People management experience and understanding is vital, the ability to get the best out of those around will always make you successful. A degree is needed to be considered for this job as an entry point, but for those without a degree, Lidl has an excellent record on internal promotion. I started as a deputy store manager with 2 years management experience from a previous employer and worked my way to this position over 5 years. An interest in supply chain management and personnel management are essential to perform at the highest levels in retail. Flexibility, commitment, determination, maturity and good communication skills are required for this position. Enthusiasm for the role is often overlooked as a factor in success. I find that those who love their work really do succeed more often.

The Social person's interests focus on some aspect of those people in their environment. In all cases the social person enjoys the personal contact of other people in preference to the impersonal dealings with things, data and ideas found in other groups.

Many will seek out positions where there is direct contact with the public in some advisory role, whether a receptionist or a counsellor. Social people are motivated by an interest in different types of people, and like diversity in their work environments. Many are drawn towards careers in the caring professions and social welfare area, whilst others prefer teaching and other 'informing' roles.
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Most of these occupations require post-graduate qualifications. For example, they may require a masters degree, and some require a Ph.D., or M.D.

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Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialised medical training to be able to do their job.

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These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organisational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, aerospace engineers, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and most scientists.

€25k >  
Salary Range
(thousands per year)*
€25 -  
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Last Updated: March, 2013

* The lower figures typically reflect starting salaries. Higher salaries are awarded to those with greater experience and responsibility. Positions in Dublin sometimes command higher salaries.
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At a Glance... header image

Psychotherapists are trained to relate to and treat people who are distressed, and work to alleviate personal suffering and encourage change.

The Work header image

Psychotherapists usually work with clients on a one-to-one basis, meeting them in private and treating their problems in confidence. Some psychotherapists work with families, couples, children or groups of clients. They offer the opportunity to address thought processes, feelings and behaviour in order to understand inner conflicts.  
There are various schools of thought in psychotherapy. Each of the five major approaches is represented by their own organisation in Ireland. See contact details below.  
Therapists who use psychodynamic therapy (which includes psychoanalysis and Jungian analysis) encourage clients to explore their feelings and open up their emotions. Many psychotherapists believe that our experiences as children strongly affect our adult behaviour, even if we are unaware of this influence. They help clients to make links between past and present events.  
A central part of psychodynamic therapy is the idea that the type of relationship that develops between psychotherapist and client can itself reveal a lot about the client's difficulties.  
In cognitive/behavioural therapy, therapists help clients to challenge their assumptions about past experiences and present relationships. Psychotherapists help their clients to think about and put into practice strategies for change.  
Face-to-face interviews and verbal communication are an important part of psychotherapy. However, the therapist can also learn from non-verbal communication. For example, some psychotherapists specialise in child and adolescent psychotherapy. They may observe how children play or behave towards other children, to find out more about their feelings and relationships. Psychotherapists may also analyse drawings to see what they reveal about young people's thoughts and feelings. Psychotherapists usually see the family together initially. 

Personal Qualitiesheader image

As a psychotherapist, you must enjoy working with people and helping them to solve their problems. You must respect the client's right to make their own decisions, and avoid making judgements, giving advice or imposing solutions.  
The ability to use tact and treat your client's problems in strict confidence is essential to psychotherapy. Some clients experience positive changes after a short time, but others need therapy over a long period, so you will need patience, tolerance and determination. You will need excellent communication skills, to listen carefully and ask the right questions.  
Clients may reveal intense emotions, and discuss painful aspects of their past or present experiences. You must be objective and professional at all times, and be resilient enough not to become burdened by the problems you encounter.

Contactsheader image


Organisation: Psychotherapy - CBT
  Address: St Vincent's Centre, Navan Road, Dublin 7
  Tel: (01) 838 3234 Ext. 120


Organisation: Irish Council for Psychotherapy
  Address: 73 Quinn's Road, Shankill, Co. Dublin
  Tel: (01) 272 2105


Organisation: Psychotherapy - FTAI
  Address: 73 Quinn's Road, Shankill, Co Dublin
  Tel: (01) 272 2105


Organisation: Psychotherapy - IAHIP
  Address: 44 Northumberland Avenue, Dun Laoghaire, Co Dublin
  Tel: (01) 284 1665


Organisation: Psychotherapy - ICPA
  Address: 2, Dungar Terrace, Northumberland Road, Dun Laoghaire, Co Dublin
  Tel: (01) 284 3336


Organisation: Psychotherapy - IFPP
  Address: St Saviour's, Dorset Street, Dublin 1
  Tel: (01) 451 3076 / 087-284 5637


Organisation: Psychotherapy - IGAS
  Address: Global House, 29 Lower Abbey Street, Dublin 1
  Tel: (01) 878 6486


Organisation: Irish Association for Psychotherapy in Primary Care
  Address: 35 Merchants Road, Galway
  Tel: 091 565814


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This occupation is popular with people who have the following career interests...

Social  Investigative  Creative 

...and for people who like working in the following Career Sectors:

Social & Caring
Medical & Healthcare

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