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Most of these occupations require post-graduate qualifications. For example, they may require a masters degree, and some require a Ph.D., or M.D.
Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialised medical training to be able to do their job.
Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples
These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organisational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, aerospace engineers, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and most scientists.
(thousands per year)*
Last Updated: March, 2013
|* The lower figures typically reflect starting salaries. Higher salaries are awarded to those with greater experience and responsibility. Positions in Dublin sometimes command higher salaries.|
Psychotherapists are trained to relate to and treat people who are distressed, and work to alleviate personal suffering and encourage change.
Psychotherapists usually work with clients on a one-to-one basis, meeting them in private and treating their problems in confidence. Some psychotherapists work with families, couples, children or groups of clients. They offer the opportunity to address thought processes, feelings and behaviour in order to understand inner conflicts.
There are various schools of thought in psychotherapy. Each of the five major approaches is represented by their own organisation in Ireland. See contact details below.
Therapists who use psychodynamic therapy (which includes psychoanalysis and Jungian analysis) encourage clients to explore their feelings and open up their emotions. Many psychotherapists believe that our experiences as children strongly affect our adult behaviour, even if we are unaware of this influence. They help clients to make links between past and present events.
A central part of psychodynamic therapy is the idea that the type of relationship that develops between psychotherapist and client can itself reveal a lot about the client's difficulties.
Face-to-face interviews and verbal communication are an important part of psychotherapy. However, the therapist can also learn from non-verbal communication. For example, some psychotherapists specialise in child and adolescent psychotherapy. They may observe how children play or behave towards other children, to find out more about their feelings and relationships. Psychotherapists may also analyse drawings to see what they reveal about young people's thoughts and feelings. Psychotherapists usually see the family together initially.
As a psychotherapist, you must enjoy working with people and helping them to solve their problems. You must respect the client's right to make their own decisions, and avoid making judgements, giving advice or imposing solutions.
The ability to use tact and treat your client's problems in strict confidence is essential to psychotherapy. Some clients experience positive changes after a short time, but others need therapy over a long period, so you will need patience, tolerance and determination. You will need excellent communication skills, to listen carefully and ask the right questions.
Clients may reveal intense emotions, and discuss painful aspects of their past or present experiences. You must be objective and professional at all times, and be resilient enough not to become burdened by the problems you encounter.
|Organisation:||Psychotherapy - CBT|
|Address:||St Vincent's Centre, Navan Road, Dublin 7|
|Tel:||(01) 838 3234 Ext. 120|
|Organisation:||Irish Council for Psychotherapy|
|Address:||73 Quinn's Road, Shankill, Co. Dublin|
|Tel:||(01) 272 2105|
|Organisation:||Psychotherapy - FTAI|
|Address:||73 Quinn's Road, Shankill, Co Dublin|
|Tel:||(01) 272 2105|
|Organisation:||Psychotherapy - IAHIP|
|Address:||44 Northumberland Avenue, Dun Laoghaire, Co Dublin|
|Tel:||(01) 284 1665|
|Organisation:||Psychotherapy - ICPA|
|Address:||2, Dungar Terrace, Northumberland Road, Dun Laoghaire, Co Dublin|
|Tel:||(01) 284 3336|
|Organisation:||Psychotherapy - IFPP|
|Address:||St Saviour's, Dorset Street, Dublin 1|
|Tel:||(01) 451 3076 / 087-284 5637|
|Organisation:||Psychotherapy - IGAS|
|Address:||Global House, 29 Lower Abbey Street, Dublin 1|
|Tel:||(01) 878 6486|
|Organisation:||Irish Association for Psychotherapy in Primary Care|
|Address:||35 Merchants Road, Galway|