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Louise Lynch

Structural Engineer

ESB

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  Louise Lynch
If you always want to know how things work and are fascinated by structures like grandstands or bridges then a career in civil and structural engineering may suit you. If in school you enjoy subjects like maths and physics, and since these would be the foundations to the engineering college course, you will probably enjoy the course. If you like the idea of working for a company where you could get to travel, then international companies such as ESB International would suit you well. Engineering is a good and challenging career so you have to want to be challenged in your work, to solve problems and to come up with ways to improve designs.
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Occupation Details

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Toxicologist

Job Zone

Education
Most occupations in this zone require job specific training (vocational training) related to the occupation (NFQ Levels 5 and 6 or higher), related on-the-job experience, or a relevant professional award.

Related Experience
Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, electricians typically complete four years of training in order to perform the job.

Job Training
Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognised apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.

Job Zone Examples
These occupations usually involve using communication and organisational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include restaurant managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, hairdressers, and web developers.

€25k > 40 
Toxicologist
Salary Range
(thousands per year)*
€25 - 40 
Related Information:
Data Source(s):
FAS

Last Updated: March, 2013

* The lower figures typically reflect starting salaries. Higher salaries are awarded to those with greater experience and responsibility. Positions in Dublin sometimes command higher salaries.
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At a Glance... header image

Toxicologists employ specialist scientific knowledge and equipment to study the impact of toxic and radioactive materials on biological systems, including the human body and the environment.


The Work header image

Toxicologists study the harm chemicals may cause to people, animals and plants. They find ways to avoid or reduce chemical damage to the environment.  
 
Toxicology covers two main areas. One deals with the effects that toxic materials have on humans, and the other with their impact on the environment.  
 
Toxicologists experiment on tissue and cell cultures, animals and human volunteers, to find out if a chemical product is harmful. In pharmaceutical companies, toxicologists help develop new drugs to fight disease. They find out how strong the drug is, and if there are unwanted or dangerous side effects. In the food industry, they may test an additive to make sure it does not cause cancer.  
 
Occupational and industrial toxicologists make sure working conditions are safe and give advice to people who handle chemicals.  
 
Other toxicologists work in hospitals, treating patients who have drug poisoning. They find out the type and amount of drug taken in an overdose.  
 
Toxicologists might look at air pollution caused by the burning of waste, or research the problems some pesticides cause for wildlife.  
 
One area of investigation is the effect chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) have on the Earth's stratospheric ozone layer.  
 
Some toxicologists specialise in ecology. They may trace the movement of pollutants through food chains, or investigate resistance to pesticides in certain insects. They isolate, identify and quantify toxic substances. They also carry out lab and field experiments and advise on the safe handling of toxic substances. 


Tasks & Activitiesheader image

The following is a list of the most commonly reported tasks and activities for this occupation

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Plan and direct studies to investigate human or animal disease, preventive methods, and treatments for disease.

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Conduct research to develop methodologies, instrumentation, and procedures for medical application, analyzing data and presenting findings to the scientific audience and general public.

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Study animal and human health and physiological processes.

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Follow strict safety procedures when handling toxic materials to avoid contamination.

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Write and publish articles in scientific journals.

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Evaluate effects of drugs, gases, pesticides, parasites, and microorganisms at various levels.

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Use equipment such as atomic absorption spectrometers, electron microscopes, flow cytometers, and chromatography systems.

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Prepare and analyze organ, tissue, and cell samples to identify toxicity, bacteria, or microorganisms or to study cell structure.

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Standardize drug dosages, methods of immunization, and procedures for manufacture of drugs and medicinal compounds.

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Investigate cause, progress, life cycle, or mode of transmission of diseases or parasites.

Work Activities header image

The following is a list of the most commonly reported work activities in this occupation.

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Processing Information:  Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.

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Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge:  Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.

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Getting Information:  Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

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Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events:  Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.

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Analyzing Data or Information:  Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

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Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings:  Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.

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Thinking Creatively:  Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

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Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships:  Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.

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Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates:  Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.

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Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work:  Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.


Knowledge header image

The following is a list of the five most commonly reported knowledge areas for this occupation.

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Biology:  Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.

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English Language:  Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

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Medicine and Dentistry:  Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.

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Administration and Management:  Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

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Chemistry:  Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.


Skillsheader image

The following is a list of the most commonly reported skills used in this occupation.

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Reading Comprehension:   Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

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Science:   Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

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Writing:   Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

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Critical Thinking:   Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

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Complex Problem Solving:   Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

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Active Learning:   Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

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Judgment and Decision Making:   Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

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Active Listening:   Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

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Instructing:   Teaching others how to do something.

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Mathematics:   Using mathematics to solve problems.

Personal Qualitiesheader image

You will need to be accurate, methodical and able to solve problems. You must be aware of the ethical debate on using animals in scientific research, and be prepared for criticism and protest from members of the public and animal rights groups.  
 
Because toxicologists often handle poisonous materials, you will need to know and follow safety procedures.  
 
Computer skills are essential and keeping up-to-date with technology is important. You must be able to write reports of your findings and be able to work with other scientists. Knowledge of environmental issues may be an advantage.


Related Occupationsheader image

Contactsheader image

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Organisation: British Toxicology Society
  Address: Administration Office, PO Box 10371, Colchester, CO1 9GL, UK
  Tel: +44 (0)1206 226059
  Email: Click here
  Url Click here

 

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This occupation is popular with people who have the following Career Interests...


...and for people who like working in the following Career Sectors:

Chemical, Biomedical & Pharmaceutical Sciences

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