Careers rarely develop the way we plan them. Our career path often takes many twists and turns, with particular events, choices and people influencing our direction.

We asked Louise Mc Donald from Defence Forces to give some advice for people considering this job:


Louise Mc Donald

Private (Line)

Defence Forces

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  Louise Mc Donald
I would advise them to get themselves physically fit and to maintain it. I would also say that a sense of humour is very important and the ability to laugh at themselves. They should have self discipline and be prepared to accept imposed discipline. Punctuality is very important as is respect for others. If they had sporting interests that would be a help.

Not surprisingly, some aspect of the natural sciences will run through the Naturalists interests - from ecological awareness to nutrition and health. People with an interest in horticulture, land usage and farming (including fish) are Naturalists.

Some Naturalists focus on animals rather than plants, and may enjoy working with, training, caring for, or simply herding them. Other Naturalists will prefer working with the end result of nature's produce - the food produced from plants and animals. Naturalists like solving problems with solutions that show some sensitivity to the environmental impact of what they do. They like to see practical results, and prefer action to talking and discussing.
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Junior Cycle - Business Studies

Subject Group: Business
These subjects teach the skills and knowledge needed to understand how business works.

Brief Description:

Business Studies helps you to make more informed decisions in the everyday business of living. It gives you a better understanding of the world of work. It encourages you to think about how and why people start up in business and why you too might also consider starting a business.

The Junior Certificate Business Studies course covers the everyday business of living, contributing to an understanding of the world of business and encouraging a positive attitude to enterprise and developing appropriate skills.

The syllabus consists of four main interrelated sections:
(a) The business of living - this would include such topics as personal finance, consumer education, insurance, money and banking.
(b) Economic Awareness - this is an elementary introduction to economics and its importance in society. Topics would include taxes, foreign trade, unions,  communications.
(c) Enterprise - this would include business orientated topics such as advertising, marketing, types of business units. It also incorporates a substantial accounting element.
(d) Information Technology - this would cover computer applications and keyboarding.

A pupil of average ability who works reasonably conscientiously should not find too much difficulty in dealing with the course, but emphasis is placed on neatness, accuracy, attention to detail and general presentation.

The value of this subject may be considered from two aspects. Firstly, it provides a broad general knowledge of accounting and business of value and relevance to any adult, but particularly useful to someone going into a business type career on leaving school. Secondly, it lays a suitable foundation for studying the business studies subjects (Accounting, Business Organisation, Economics) at Leaving Certificate and perhaps later at Third Level, or for entry to professions such as Accountancy.

How will Business Studies be useful to me?

Three subjects follow on from Junior Certificate Business Studies in Leaving Certificate: Accounting, Business, and Economics. Each one becomes more specific and allows you to concentrate more on the subject area you choose. If you wish to study any of these subjects for the Leaving Certificate, it would be advantageous for you to have studied Junior Certificate Business Studies.

Note: The Junior Cycle is changing, and new/revised JCSA curricula are being introduced on a phased basis from September 2014. English is first new programme to be introduced, followed by Science, Irish and Business Studies in 2015.

The New Business Studies specification for Junior Cycle will be taken by first year students from September 2015. 

Details of developments with the new programme are made available here

Course Outline
View / Download Business Studies Factsheet [pdf file]
View / Download full curriculum [pdf file]

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Junior Cycle Subjects  Junior Cycle Subjects
Leaving Cert Subjects  Leaving Cert Subjects

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