Careers rarely develop the way we plan them. Our career path often takes many twists and turns, with particular events, choices and people influencing our direction.

We asked Sinead Kenny from Smart Futures to give some advice for people considering this job:


Sinead Kenny

Design Engineer

Smart Futures

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  Sinead Kenny
If it is possible to get some work experience during the summer holidays or weekends, it would be great. Find out if there are any positions (voluntary or otherwise) available in your local IT or University. Get involved in a hobby such as model making, this would be very helpful as it would help with dexterity & impart an understanding of the ways in which different materials interact when assembled together.

Administrative people are interested in work that offers security and a sense of being part of a larger process. They may be at their best operating under supervisors who give clear guidelines, and performing routine tasks in a methodical and reliable way.

They tend to enjoy clerical and most forms of office work, where they perform essential administrative duties. They often form the backbone of large and small organisations alike. They may enjoy being in charge of office filing systems, and using computers and other office equipment to keep things running smoothly. They usually like routine work hours and prefer comfortable indoor workplaces.
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Junior Cycle - ESS

Subject Group: Humanities
These subjects explore the ways in which humans live and communicate in the world. Human life is examined by looking at our past, our present and into our future. These subjects help people to express themselves clearly and develop their reasoning ability.

Brief Description:

Environmental and Social Studies (ESS) is one of the subjects that can help you find out about the world you live in. You will learn about things that happened in the past and how they affect your life today. You will find out how the area you live in has changed and what you can do to protect the environment in which you live.

How will ESS be useful to me?

In Junior Certificate ESS you will be examined in two ways:

  • You will do two projects: an individual historical research project and a geographical field study which you will do with the whole class. The marks from both of these projects go towards your final grade.
  • There will also be a written exam with questions about graphs, maps, old photographs, cartoons, stories from the past and other documents. You can take the exam at Higher or at Ordinary level. When the time comes to decide, your teacher will help you choose the level that suits you best.

Course Outline
View / Download ESS Factsheet [pdf file]
View / Download full curriculum [pdf file]

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Junior Cycle Subjects  Junior Cycle Subjects
Leaving Cert Subjects  Leaving Cert Subjects

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