Careers rarely develop the way we plan them. Our career path often takes many twists and turns, with particular events, choices and people influencing our direction.

We asked Aoife Lyons from Civil and Public Service Jobs to give some advice for people considering this job:


Aoife Lyons

Occupational Psychologist

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  Aoife Lyons
Psychology is a very broad area and I would encourage people to reflect on the field that would suit them best. If you study pharmacy, you will graduate as a pharmacist. It is different in psychology. The role of a Clinical Psychologist differs significantly from the role of an Educational Psychologist, a Forensic Psychologist or a Sports Psychologist. A post graduate qualification will be required to practice in any of these fields. Regardless of the area of psychology that interests you, respect for and an interest in people is a key value that is required. Once you have qualifications, networks and professional bodies are a good way to meet prospective employers.

Not surprisingly, some aspect of the natural sciences will run through the Naturalists interests - from ecological awareness to nutrition and health. People with an interest in horticulture, land usage and farming (including fish) are Naturalists.

Some Naturalists focus on animals rather than plants, and may enjoy working with, training, caring for, or simply herding them. Other Naturalists will prefer working with the end result of nature's produce - the food produced from plants and animals. Naturalists like solving problems with solutions that show some sensitivity to the environmental impact of what they do. They like to see practical results, and prefer action to talking and discussing.
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Radical Reform of Leaving Cert Grades and CAO Points

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Radical Reform of Leaving Cert Grades and CAO Points

Thursday, April 30, 2015 

Radical Reform of Leaving Cert Grades and CAO Points

Minister for Education and Skills launches Radical Reform of Leaving Certificate Grades and CAO Points System.

The Minister for Education and Skills, Jan O’Sullivan, TD, today launched the most significant reform of Leaving Certificate grades and CAO points in more than two decades.

The main changes are:

  • A new grading system for the Leaving Certificate – reducing the number of grades from the current 14 to 8
  • Proposals for a revised common points scale for entry into higher education
  • Broader undergraduate entry to high education programmes
  • An analysis of predictability in the Leaving Certificate

Speaking this morning Minister O’Sullivan said, “These important reforms have emerged from a broad consultation process. They are intended to better serve students, to encourage them to be ambitious in their choices and reduce the high stress levels that are currently associated with the Leaving Certificate.

“The grading system of the Leaving Certificate has been left unchanged for more than two decades. The current system of 14 grades increases pressure on students. The majority of grades are separated by just 5%, resulting in students striving to gain minimal percentage increases to achieve higher grades. That will change for those students entering 5th year in September and sitting the Leaving Certificate in 2017.

“Research shows that the current marking system is out of kilter with practice in other countries. For example A level exams in England, Wales and Northern Ireland use six grading bands, Scotland uses five grading bands and new Zealand has four.”

The reform of Leaving Certificate grades also requires a change to the CAO points system. A new common points system is currently being developed by the universities and institutes of technology and, following review by academic councils, will be published in September. An example of its key features is being published today. The revised points system is designed to minimise random selection of places at third level and to encourage students to take-up high level course by reducing the risk of students at higher level gaining no CAO points.

The Minister said: “I would like to acknowledge the significant work that the university and institute of technology sector have dedicated to designing a new common points system. The proposed system will minimise random selection for third level entry – an occurrence that is very frustrating for students and their families as they pin their hopes on each CAO round of offers. The proposed points system will also see students who take a higher level course receiving points for a mark between 30 and 39 on a paper. This is designed to encourage students to be ambitious and have confidence in taking a higher level paper. It will reward students who aim high and work hard.”

Minister O’Sullivan also welcomed the commitment of the higher education institutions to reduce the number of undergraduate courses, which will build on work already underway: “This is a very important area of reform for students. Too many entry routes into higher education programmes provide a bewildering array of choice for second level students in 6th year and many find this complexity very difficult to successfully navigate. Giving students the chance to experience a much broader 1st year and allowing them to defer specialisation to later in their degrees will give us more rounded graduates in the long term. This is good for them and good for wider society as well.”

The final element of reform that the Minister announced today was the forthcoming publication by the State Examinations Commission on the issue of predictability in the Leaving Certificate. The study found that despite the perception of many students and others, the Leaving Certificate examinations are not in fact very predictable and that those who rely on their predictability too much often do not perform as well as those who prepare more fully for the examinations.

Link to report - Supporting A Better Transition From Second Level To Higher Education: Implementation and Next Steps 

Source: Department of Education & Skills Press Release

The CareersPortal Team