Construction was hit particularly hard by the economic downturn and employment fell significantly, with building labourers the worst affected occupational group. However, recent reports indicate that construction activity is on the increase and output is projected to grow by 30 per cent in the next four years (SCSI, Employment Opportunities and Skills Requirements in Construction and Property Surveying 2014-18).
The construction sector has a dual role in Ireland’s economy:
- As a sector in its own right, it directly provides 96,300 regionally distributed jobs across a variety of occupations and skill levels, accounting for 5.2% of total employment and 6.4 percent of GNP. An additional 48,000 indirect jobs are provided through the sector. (Forfás, July 2013)
- The sector also provides and maintains the physical infrastructures and buildings on which other industry sectors, and society depends.
The construction sector is currently comprised of over 40,500 enterprises, almost 34% fewer than existed in 2006. Despite the reduction in number, the overall size profile remains broadly the same, with the vast majority (96.7%) engaging less than 10 people
For detailed information on the up-to-date situation in this sector with regard to employment opportunities and prospects please go to the "Ask the Expert" section on the right hand side of this page.
BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION
Useful Career Sheets from STEPS to Engineering [pdf files]
A career in construction really depends on how much physical or technical work you want and the level you decide you want to work at.
Like most areas of work it’s only when we do a little research that we begin to unravel a surprising range of both interesting and rewarding careers.
When something is under construction or indeed in the pre-planning construction stage, it is referred to as a building project. Construction projects are varied and can include house building, building of schools and hospitals, water supply networks, transport systems, and power stations.
In order to achieve the high level of quality required in the construction industry it is important to produce highly skilled personnel who are trained to adapt to new technologies. The industry is now very much management oriented and most people working in construction have third level degrees.
Careers in construction can be divided into four areas:
- Construction Craft Workers (Operatives, Labourers)
- Trade Craftspeople (FÁS four year apprenticeships)
- Engineers and Quantity Surveyors.
Construction Craft Workers
Over 40,000 people work as general operatives in the construction sector. In the past, these jobs were referred to as 'labourers' and regarded as unskilled roles. Today, these on-site jobs have become more specialised - Steel workers, Pipe layers, Scaffolders, Heavy goods vehicle drivers, Machine operatives, Asphalt layers and Demolition workers - all require a good deal of training and skill.
Training for for construction craft workers is sometimes offered ‘on the job’ but an approved certified course is becoming the norm. The slow down in the sector has resulted in little employment for general operatives in this area and has also made it very difficult to get apprenticeships. However, this situation is set to improve.
There is a very large number of Trade Craftspeople operating in this sector. The trades in the construction industry divide into 'wet trades' (trades which use dry building materials that are mixed with water e.g concrete, mortar or plaster) and 'dry trades'.
- Brick and Stonelayer
- Construction plant fitter
Craftspeople in these trades have been trained as apprentices under the Designated Crafts Scheme organised by FAS (now SOLAS).
The construction of any major building project is a feat of co-ordination and involves managing a range of people with specialist skills. The professionals in the construction industry are the architects who plan and develop designs for the construction; the civil engineers who evaluate, research and manage a variety of major civil engineering schemes; the building surveyors who examine existing properties advising on any defects; the quantity surveyors who calculate the cost of the building project and the much sought after construction managers who plan and manage the operations.
Each of these professionals has spent a number of years in third level education and must meet the specific requirements of their professional bodies. Others work as technicians alongside the professionals. Technicians carry out duties under the supervision of their respective professionals. They too are likely to have taken a course in 3rd Level (Level 6 or 7) in one of the IT Colleges around the country.
Overall though, in spite of the slow-down, opportunities will remain into the future especially for those with specialist and professional skills.
THE PROPERTY SECTOR
There are many careers in the Property sector so you can choose which area to specialise in - from commercial property to planning and fund management.
This involves services related to the ownership and occupation of property used for commercial purposes, such as offices, shops and warehouses. This is one of the biggest and most popular sectors – and one of the most competitive areas. You could work in an area such as occupational agency, investment or landlord and tenant.
This encompasses anything from a millionaire’s mansion to affordable housing developments. Services include valuation, development, marketing, mortgage-broking and investment advice. Almost any position involves a good deal of variety – a range of property types and clients from private individuals to property developers.
Most jobs in this area require third level education, and graduates tend to find work as Valuation surveyors, Property development surveyors, Property managers, or Investment advisers.
What on earth in surveying? Video explaining what working in land, property and surveying is all about.
Surveyors are highly trained and experienced professionals that are typically employed throughout the Construction, Land and Property sectors. They work across all aspects of the built and natural environment for a variety of employers, including auctioneers, valuers, developers, construction firms, facilities management, as well as county councils and state agencies. They generally specialise in one of the following areas:
- Quantity Surveyor –advises on the costs of developing all types of buildings and infrastructure.
- Building Surveyor – carries out building surveys and provides management and design consultancy services.
- Geomatic Surveyor–maps the built and natural environment to provide accurate spatial data which facilitates planning, development and conservation.
- Mineral Surveyor –provides expertise in the full life cycle of mineral development.
- Residential Agency Surveyor – provides professional expertise in the valuation, management, letting and sale of residential property.
- Commercial Agency Surveyor - provides professional expertise in the valuation, management, letting and sale of commercial property.
|For more information of types of surveyors click here.
While the property sector has contracted in recent years, it is anticipated that there will be greater opportunities for graduates. Many large property agencies have graduate programmes which provide excellent training in all aspects of property – from commercial (offices, retail, industrial), residential sales and lettings, professional services and property management.
In the future, graduates will enter a far more regulated property and construction sector and that high standards of education and qualifications will be a prerequisite for employers and clients in the public and private sectors. Professional membership of the Society of Chartered Surveyors Ireland is a sign of high standards of professionalism in the construction, land and property sectors. Some courses include an industrial placement year, when students can apply their learning in the workplace, gain practical experience and forge industry links. Colleges include DIT Bolton Street and the Institutes of Technology.
Planners are involved in making long and short-term decisions about the management and development of cities, town, villages and the countryside. Most Town Planners work in the public service with local authorities but many have consultancy roles within the architecture and construction areas.
Planning is a broad area of work that requires many different skills. Some planners specialise in a particular area of work. Key planning activities include:
- researching and designing planning policies to guide development
- developing creative and original planning solutions to satisfy all parties
- consulting with stakeholders and other interested parties and negotiating with developers and other professionals, such as surveyors and architects
- assessing planning applications and enforcing and monitoring outcomes as necessary
- researching and analysing data to help inform strategic developments
- designing layouts and drafting design statements
- using information technology systems such as CAD (computer-aided design) or GIS (geographical information systems)
- attending and presenting at planning boards and appeals and at public inquiries
- keeping up to date with legislation associated with land use
- promoting environmental education and awareness
- writing reports, often of a complex nature, which make recommendations or explain detailed regulations
DIT runs a diploma in Planning and Environmental Management which trains technicians in urban and rural planning.
The Institute of Professional Auctioneers and Valuers runs several courses. For more information click here.
Auctioneers and Estate Agents are involved in the sale, letting, management and valuation of property. Generally, they work either in partnerships or practice on their own account. The career is suitable for those with an interest in people and property. With the property profession now covering such a broad range of property-related aspects, graduates may work in many different areas, such as:
- sales by auction, tender or private treaty of land or residential/commercial/investment property
- valuations for sale, purchase, letting, mortgage, rating, insurance, tax and other purposes
- handling the purchase of property or land
- letting and management of all types of property or land
- sales and valuations of fine art/antiques, plant, machinery, livestock and other chattels
- compulsory purchase order disposals/acquisitions and town planning compensation
- acting as arbitrators and expert valuers for rent review purposes
- representing either landlords or tenants in rent reviews, or in relation to lease renewals under landlord and tenant legislation
New areas such as on-line auctioneering are showing promising signs for the future. DIT, Limerick IT and Galway-Mayo IT run degree programmes in this area.
|Visit the Institute of Professional Auctioneers and Valuers website for more information.
New opportunities continue to emerge in this sector and graduates find work in areas as diverse as banking and insurance. To practise professionally as an auctioneer, you must be fully qualified in all the legal, technical and other aspects of the business. You will also need to have an outgoing personality, like working with different people daily and have good negotiating and communication skills. To practise as an auctioneer it is necessary to have a special license issued by the Revenue Commissioners. You must be over 21, lodge a €12,700 deposit, obtain an auditor's certificate and apply to a District Justice for a certificate of Qualification. This license must be renewed annually.
The latest report from the Expert Group on Future Skills Needs, anticipates strong growth for the construction sector. It reports sufficient numbers of skilled construction workers to meet current demand, but projects that shortages may emerge in the medium term. There are already reported shortages of Construction and Property Surveyors.
A supply of skilled construction craft workers still exists, but demand for these roles may also increase in the context of the increased construction activity anticipated for the medium term. (Source: EFGSN, National Skills Bulletin, July 2014) Recent reports highlight signs of a growing vitality in the construction sector.
The CSO Quarterly National Household Survey (Q3, 2014) showed that employment in the construction sector grew by 10,100 during 2014. The Ulster Bank Construction Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) registered at 63.5 in November 2014, showing that activity has risen consistently in each of the past 15 months.
Work on roads and public projects under the Capital Investment Plan have contributed to job creation: 40 new schools and 180 other major School Projects in 2014; €2.9 billion for the national roads programme and road safety improvements, and the LUAS interconnection project is progressing. Water Metering Services, Social Housing Provision, and some Regeneration work also took place in 2014.
Sustaining Ireland’s position as an attractive location for investment requires the availability of grade one, headquarter type buildings, in addition to availability of suitable high-specification manufacturing and industrial units that can meet the needs of sectors such as life-sciences ('Ireland's Construction Sector: Outlook and Strategic Plan to 2015' Forfás). IDA Ireland report that some 1,500 construction jobs will be supported over the next two years as building projects involving Eli Lily, Boston Scientific, Allergan, Microsoft, Analog Devices, Google and Apple get underway. Intel was also granted permission to construct a new chip fabrication plant at its Leixlip campus in County Kildare, that includes the construction of internal roads, support buildings and parking for 2,200 cars.
Some Irish construction firms have grown in scale and are competing successfully in international markets, as centres of excellence in areas such as civil and structural engineering, mechanical and electrical contracting, and power, energy and pharmaceutical construction and maintenance. Experience in developing world class high spec facilities catering to FDI pharmaceutical and ICT investments into Ireland over a number of years has helped to build a strong value proposition for Irish construction firms abroad.
Work may remain in limited supply for craft workers with regard to new housebuilding, but their skills base can be adapted to growth areas in the construction industry. There continues to be new, innovative growth areas in the sector, such as the Green Economy and Wind Energy, which are set to make a significant contribution to employment going forward:
- The skills of plumbers and electricians transfer efficiently to wind energy, photovoltaic and bio-mass programmes.
- Carpenters and plumbers are up-skilling in rainwater harvesting and air-tightness systems
- Plasterers are engaging in energy saving insulating programmes for inside and outside of houses.
- BER (Building Energy Regulation) upgrading is providing new opportunities for bricklayers and plasterers.
Regulation and Legislative changes are contributing to job creation:
- Landlords are now required to register with the Private Residential Tenancies Board (PRTB) and the standard of accommodation in many cases requires upgrading.
- New Legislative requirements for Portable Appliance Testing have generated additional jobs in the electrical trades.
- Stairlift installation and remodelling of homes for downstairs toilets/showers, supporting homecare packages for our aging population are further growth areas for construction sector workers.
- In recent years the emphasis on certification has been heightened by the Central Energy Regulator (CER). All gas installations must now be completed only by certified installers. In the electrical trades each completed installation must be certified by a competent person whose company is a member of RECI or ECSSA. It will soon be mandatory for all testers to hold certification in testing and assessment of electrical installations.