Careers rarely develop the way we plan them. Our career path often takes many twists and turns, with particular events, choices and people influencing our direction.

We asked Jason Ruane from Intel to give some advice for people considering this job:


Jason Ruane

Computer Programmer


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  Jason Ruane

Possibly useful qualities/interests:

A predisposition towards technical problems, such as puzzles or machinery. An interest in the nature of how things work, such as the desire to disassemble machinery/gadgetry to unlock its inner workings.

An inventive side; one who uses the parts of other gadgets, to make a new personalised gadget. Interested in high tech gear: gadgetry of all forms.

A capacity to learn processes for oneself e.g. seeing a puzzle solved and then repeating it.

Skills: Technical subjects such as Maths or electronics. Programming is very accessible to anyone with a basic home PC and some internet connection so try it out and see if you like it.

Values: If you value the solving of an intricate, convoluted problem, for it's own sake and find that rewarding, then any engineering job will come easily.

Education: Firm basis in Maths and the sciences. People are hired into engineering positions here from backgrounds such as science and computing primarily.


The Social person's interests focus on some aspect of those people in their environment. In all cases the social person enjoys the personal contact of other people in preference to the impersonal dealings with things, data and ideas found in other groups.

Many will seek out positions where there is direct contact with the public in some advisory role, whether a receptionist or a counsellor. Social people are motivated by an interest in different types of people, and like diversity in their work environments. Many are drawn towards careers in the caring professions and social welfare area, whilst others prefer teaching and other 'informing' roles.
Career Interviews
Sector Profiles
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Work Experience (School)
CV & Interview Preparation

Sectors Information

Medical Devices   

Information from National Skills Bulletin 2009, compiled by FAS and the Expert Group on Future Skills Needs
Science Occupations
Skills shortages
More information on skills shortages can be found in the Labour Market Information section of this site.
• Biological / Microbiological Scientist
• Cardiovascular Technician / Technologist
• Engineer - Automation
• Engineer - Chemical
• Engineer - Design & Development
• Engineer - Manufacturing
• Engineer - Mechanical
• Engineer - Polymer
• Engineer - Process & Production
• Engineer - Quality
• Engineer - Test / Validation
• Engineering Technician - Electrical
• Food Scientist
• Laboratory Technician
• Medical Sales Representative
• Polymer Technician
• Product Marketing Manager
• QA (Quality Assurance) Analyst
• Risk Analyst
• Statistician / Statistician EU
• Toolmaker
Sample Occupations
• Biochemist 
• Biological / Microbiological Scientist 
• Cardiovascular Technician / Technologist 
• Chemist 
• Engineer - Automation 
• Engineer - Biomedical 
• Engineer - Chemical 
• Engineer - Design & Development 
• Engineer - Manufacturing 
• Engineer - Mechanical 
• Engineer - Polymer 
• Engineer - Process & Production 
• Engineer - Quality 
• Engineer - Sterilisation 
• Engineer - Test / Validation 
• Engineering Craft Machinist 
• Engineering Technician - Electrical  
• Food Scientist 
• General Assistant - Factory 
• Illustrator - Technical / Medical 
• Industrial Chemist 
• Laboratory Assistant 
• Laboratory Manager 
• Laboratory Technician 
• Light Industry Assembler 
• Machinist - Manufacturing 
• Materials Scientist / Technologist 
• Materials Technician 
• Medical Laboratory Technician 
• Medical Physicist 
• Medical Sales Representative  
• Metallurgist 
• Molecular Biologist 
• Neuroscientist 
• Orthodontist 
• Pharmaceutical Technician 
• Pharmacologist 
• Polymer Technician 
• Product Marketing Manager 
• Prosthetist/Orthotist 
• QA (Quality Assurance) Analyst 
• QA (Quality Assurance) Manager 
• Radiologist - Diagnostic  
• Research Scientist 
• Risk Analyst 
• Statistician / Statistician EU 
• Toolmaker
  Manufacturing, Production & Materials
  Science, Pharmaceutical & Food
  Healthcare Services
  Medical Devices

Explore All STEM areas...
Medical Devices icon

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The Medical Devices Sector is highly diverse. It covers a wide range of products, from simple bandages and spectacles, to contact lenses, wheelchairs, implantable devices, equipment for screening, and the most sophisticated diagnostic imaging and surgical equipment.

This sector plays a crucial role in the diagnosis, prevention, monitoring, and treatment of diseases and in improving of the quality of life of people suffering from all kinds of disabilities.

Over the coming years, medical technology innovations will fundamentally transform health care by providing new solutions incorporating medical devices that will revolutionise the way treatments are administered. Already medical technologies that would have been considered the stuff of science fiction just a couple of years ago are rapidly becoming the standard of care. Billions of patients worldwide depend on medical technology, at home, in nursing homes and in hospital.

The pace of medical invention is accelerating, inspiring hope for better clinical outcomes with less invasive procedures and shorter recovery times. New innovations and developments suggest an unfolding pattern of "smart" technologies that integrate engineering and biological approaches, and that will provide better clinical interventions.

As these technologies advance, the critical path from promising new science and lab discoveries to applications that treat patients may present greater challenges for both innovative device manufacturers and for the Regulators.

The Medical Devices Sector in Ireland

Ireland has been extremely successful in developing an internationally renowned centre for medical technology, with over 250 companies currently developing and manufacturing medical devices here. 100 of these are indigenous and 17 of the top 25 global medical technologies (devices and diagnostics) companies are located in Ireland and nine of the top 10 global med-tech companies have a base here, including Abbott, Hospira, Medtronic, J&J, Baxter, Boston Scientific and Stryker Ireland, Cook Medical, Merit Medical, Technopath Manufacturing, Arc Royal, Nypro Healthcare, Pro-Tek, Res Med, Bellurgan, Delcath Systems Inc., and Diaceutics Dundalk.

View profiles of leading medical device companies working in Ireland here.

Over half of the medical technologies companies located in Ireland are Irish owned. Internationally recognised Irish multinationals in the sector include Creganna, Trulife and Steripack. Products manufactured in Ireland include interventional products, diagnostics, medical equipment, dental, vision and hearing products and orthopaedic implants.

Medical devices companies export medical products amounting to approximately €6 billion per annum, which represents 9% of Ireland’s total exports. A recent Government survey has shown that 80% of the companies in the sector are “innovation active”. Despite the current economic climate the Irish Medtech sector has continued to do well.

The latest Census results show that the medical devices sector registered the highest employment growth across the manufacturing sector, increasing by 10% to 24,305. IBEC's most recent sector sentiment and investment survey showed that confidence in the future is high and two thirds of medical technology companies expect turnover to increase going forward. Nearly 1,500 jobs and €200 million in investment has been publicly announced over the past 2 years.

Many companies are now engaged in Research and Development (R&D) and business service operations. The Irish owned medical device segment is relatively small, but has demonstrated growth potential in recent years, as illustrated by companies such as Proxy Biomedical, Clearstream, Zerusa and Brivant. It is true to say that there is a broader range of companies within the medical technologies sector involved in R&D than is the case for the pharma or biotechnology sectors.

View a detailed description of the Medical Devices sector compiled by the Irish Medical Devices Association from the Ask the Experts panel above right. 

The Work

The Medical devices sector is made up of a variety of occupations as follows:

Distribution of professions in the Medical Device Sector

The work in this sector can be viewed as arising from the following main functions:


Innovation - the ability to create something new or finding a better ways of doing something is at the heart of this sector.  Traditionally, most medical device innovation comes from interaction between clinicians (medical specialists) and engineers. It is based on the sound application of existing mechanical or electronic engineering technologies – often mature technologies – to clinical problems.

The more fundamental innovations typically come from leading clinicians seeking to innovate in clinical practice, which may or may not be in the context of formal research activity. More incremental innovations may be initiated by clinicians, or by engineers seeking improved engineering solutions. Engineers still rely on the clinical insights of leading clinicians to validate their ideas. The main engineering disciplines for medical devices innovation are mechanical, electronic and biomedical. Biomedical engineering combines mechanical (sometimes electronic) engineering with biomedical sciences and biocompatible materials science.

The innovation process typically goes through a succession of prototypes, leading to the production of functioning prototypes that can be used in clinical trials. The prototypes are typically produced by highly skilled technicians.

With the increased use of biologically active substances in the medical device sector’s products, professionals with skills in both small molecule substances and the large molecule, and even cellular, products of biotechnology are required. This trend is making skills in biological sciences, chemistry and pharmacology increasingly important to innovation in medical devices, alongside the clinical and engineering skills that have traditionally dominated innovation.

Clinical Trials
In order to confirm their effectiveness and safety, medical devices undergo clinical trials before they are brought to market.

Clinical trials require skills in the following main areas:

  • The clinicians (medical professionals) that have contributed to bringing a new medical device to the level of a trialable product have a critical role to play in clinical trials. They often carry out the first trials themselves, and their confidence in the device is important to recruiting other clinicians to take part later trial phases. They may also take a wider role in a clinical trial, for example in training other clinicians to use the device clinically.
  • Skills in design and management of clinical trials are required to produce reliable evidence that meets regulatory requirements;
  • The conduct of clinical trials is regulated, and regulatory affairs skills are required to ensure and demonstrate compliance; and
  • Front line skills in conducting clinical trials are required.

Internationally, many clinical trials specialists come from nursing backgrounds, after taking further qualifications in the design, management and conduct of clinical trials.

Biomechanical and Bioelectronic Devices
There is considerable diversity among medical devices production processes. While production of some medical devices products is heavily automated, many devices are assembled, tested and packaged manually. This diversity means that there are considerable variations in the mix of skills required between different medical devices production operations.

Key occupational areas involved in day-to-day operations include the following.

Manual Assembly Operatives – Manual assembly operatives account for a substantial share of medical devices production employment in Ireland. The main skills required are manual dexterity, the ability to conscientiously comply with formal working procedures, sufficient awareness to identify visible problems with components and assemblies, and the flexibility to move between assembling different products. They are typically qualified to Leaving Certificate level or equivalent, and may have taken a medical devices qualification at Level 5 in the National Framework of Qualifications.
Machine Operators (sometimes termed “technicians”, depending on the company and on their level of responsibility) – Machine operators operate machines, loading raw materials, watching for problems, and in many cases setting the machine up and undertaking basic troubleshooting and maintenance. Skill requirements are generally increasing over time, as operators take more responsibility in areas such as troubleshooting, maintenance and quality assurance. They are typically qualified to Leaving Certificate level or equivalent, and may have taken a medical devices qualification at Level 5 in the National Framework of Qualifications.

Technicians – Technicians working in production can have a wide variety of roles, in areas such as toolmaking, machine set-up, troubleshooting, maintenance, monitoring the operation of automated systems, and technical testing for quality assurance. They are typically qualified to around Level 6 (Craft Certificate or Higher Certificate) or Level 7 (Ordinary Bachelor Degree or (legacy qualification) National Diploma) in the National Framework of Qualifications, or have technical training or qualifications of some other sort. Some are qualified to a higher level.

Quality Control and Quality Assurance Staff – Depending on the level of automation, manual and visual inspection can play a major role in medical devices quality control. These roles are often filled by very experienced operatives and operators, typically with additional training in quality control, quality assurance and sometimes quality improvement.

Operations Managers and Supervisors – These roles are similar to those in other industries, except that they need strong skills relating to operating in a highly regulated environment.

A number of roles concerned with the design, improvement and management of production processes are also important in the sector, including the following:

Production Engineers/Industrial Engineers/Automation Engineers/High-level Technicians – These are engineering roles concerned primarily with bringing products into production, with optimising production processes, with keeping production processes in control, and with technical troubleshooting beyond the comfort zone of those concerned with day-to-day operations. They are mostly undertaken by people with Honours Bachelor or masters degrees in engineering disciplines such as production engineering, manufacturing engineering, mechatronic engineering or mechanical engineering. Highly skilled technicians, typically with qualifications around Level 7 in the National Framework of Qualifications also have a significant role in this.

Process Design Engineers – Process design engineers play a critical role where companies are designing automated production systems, particularly where the automation is end-to-end rather than in islands connected by manual operations. This is increasingly important as companies automate to increase efficiency and improve quality. They are distinguished from other engineering roles here because the core of these roles is about process design rather than incremental improvement, and because this has been identified as an area of skill that is particularly important to the future viability of the sector in Ireland or any other high cost location.

Validation Engineers – The medical devices sector employs significant numbers of validation engineers to validate the compliance of production processes with the specifications that have been approved by, or notified to, regulators. These typically have an Honours Bachelor Degree in a relevant engineering or science discipline. The role is traditionally paperwork intensive, but the increasing incidence of complex automated production systems is making it more technically challenging in many cases.

Regulatory Affairs – Regulatory affairs staff track compliance of operations with regulatory requirements, advise other staff on regulatory matters, report on compliance and manage relationships with regulatory authorities.

Bio-convergence Devices and Diagnostics
Where devices include significant biologically active components, companies employ scientists, science technicians and processing operatives with skills similar to those of the small molecule pharmaceutical or bio-pharmaceutical industries. They undertake roles parallel to those of engineers, technicians and machine operators in manufacturing biomechanical and bioelectronic devices. Qualifications of scientists are generally between primary degree and PhD level.

The term “technician” can cover a wide range of levels of skill and qualification, and can encompass process operative-type roles. Qualifications can range from a certificate at the equivalent of around Level 6 in the National Framework of Qualifications up to masters level (Level 9) for very highly skilled roles. The trend is for operative level workers to have specialist qualifications, whether obtained full-time in a training scheme or in college, or part-time after recruitment through certified training sourced by their employer.

In diagnostics, technicians are generally qualified to at least Level 6 in the National Framework of Qualifications in an appropriate discipline. 

Where the biologically active material plays an significant active role in the product, it can be necessary for regulatory affairs staff to be expert in pharmaceutical regulation, as well as medical devices regulation.
Sales & Marketing
The main markets for most medical devices are with healthcare providers. The key players in achieving these steps are:

  • The clinicians involved in the development of the product, and those who have been involved in clinical trials; and
  • Healthcare economists, who have a leading role in establishing the benefits of a device quantitatively, and communicating these benefits to healthcare providers, health insurers and other reimbursement organisations.
  • As the product is brought to market, the role of the sales organisation is central. Indeed, the economics of selling do much to shape the structure of medical device industries, favouring companies that focus on particular clinical specialisms, with broad portfolios of products targeted on those specialisms.

Outlook for the Medical Devices Sector

Advances in science and technology and innovative links with ICT and Engineering are bringing new opportunities in this sector such as remote diagnostics, and eHealthcare services. 

In addition to the skills in demand identified across the manufacturing sector, according to the latest EGFSN report (Guidance for Higher Education providers on current and future skills needs of enterprise - Springboard 2014/ICT Level 8 Conversion Programme, February 2014), specific engineering skills in demand, that are vital to the sector include:

  • Software engineering
  • Automation and process engineering
  • Mechanical Engineers with honours Bachelor's Degree
  • Product assurance
  • Quality engineers

Other key skills areas include the skills to drive operational excellence (regulatory, quality, sales, marketing and healthcare economics), and Supervisory soft skills, especially people engagement skills.

Cross Enterprise Skills Needs

The EGFSN Report* additionally highlights a number of areas of skills in demand that are apparent across all sectors. These include:

  • Data analytics skills
  • Entrepreneurial competencies
  • Skills for creativity, innovation and design
  • Management skills and
  • Generic skills such communications and team working
(*Guidance for Higher Education providers on current and future skills needs of enterprise - Springboard 2014/ICT Level 8 Conversion Programme, February 2014) Click here to view report.

Useful Links
Total Records:
Name Full Address Phone Number
Biomedical & Clinical Engineering Association of Ireland Clinical Engineering Dept., Naas General Hospital, Co. Kildare


Enterprise Ireland Enterprise Ireland, East Point Business Park, Dublin 3

01 - 727 2000

IDA Ireland Wilton Place, Dublin, 2

01 - 603 4000

Irish Medical Devices Association c/o IBEC, Confederation House, 84/86 Lower Baggot St. Dublin 2.

01- 605 1500

Irish Medicines Board Earlsfort Centre, Earlsfort House, Dublin, 2

01-676 4971



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Online Resources 6
• Irish Life Sciences Directory
• Future Skills Needs of the Irish Medical Devices Sector
• About Bioscience [US]
• Biotechnology Ireland
• [US]
• Report of the Research Prioritisation Steering Group

25 CAO / HETAC Courses
Central Applications Office 25 courses found.
View full list

Some example courses in this sector...

• Analytical Chemistry with Quality Assurance
Cork Institute of Technology
• Biomedical Engineering
Cork Institute of Technology
• Biomedical Engineering
• Biomedical Engineering
NUI Galway
• Biomedical Engineering
Cork Institute of Technology
• Biomedical Engineering
University of Limerick
• Biomedical, Health and Life Sciences
• Biotechnology
Athlone IT
• Biotechnology
• Biotechnology
Maynooth University
• Biotechnology
Athlone IT
• Biotechnology
NUI Galway
• Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
University of Limerick
• Industrial Biochemistry
University of Limerick
• Manufacturing and Design Engineering
• Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering
Waterford IT
• Medical Biotechnology
IT Sligo
• Medical Technology (Moylish Park)
Limerick IT
• Pharmaceutical and Industrial Chemistry
University of Limerick
• Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Cork Institute of Technology
• Physics with Biomedical Sciences
• Physics with Medical Physics and Bioengineering
• Product Design
Letterkenny IT
• Product Design
• Science with Nanotechnology

15 PLC / FETAC Courses
PLC/FETAC Courses 15 courses found.
View full list

Sample courses...

• Applied Science - Laboratory Techniques
Colaiste Mhuire Thurles
• Applied Science Laboratory Techniques
Colaiste Chiarain Croom
• Engineering Technology Workshop Processes
Colaiste Chiarain Croom
• Food Science
Templemichael College
• Laboratory Science
St. Kevin's College Crumlin
• Laboratory Techniques
Listowel Community College
• Laboratory Techniques - Pre University Science
Monaghan Inst of FE & Training
• Laboratory Techniques - Pre-university Science Course
Drogheda Institute of Further Education
• Medical Laboratory Science
Colαiste Dhϊlaigh College of Further Education
• Pre-University Science - Applied Science - Laboratory Techniques (discontinued)
Greenhills College
• Science & Laboratory Techniques
Cavan Institute
• Science - Applied - Laboratory Techniques
Colaiste Stiofain Naofa CFE
• Science - Pre University
Bray Institute of Further Education
• Science - Pre University
Colαiste Dhϊlaigh College of Further Education
• Science Applied - Laboratory Techniques
Limerick College of Further Education

spacer Other Courses 6

Post Grad Courses (from Qualifax)

• FΑS Courses (from Qualifax)