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Salary Range
€27k - €50k
Career Zone

In Brief...

Studies the mining, uses and treatment of metals and alloys.


  • Engineering and Technology Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
  • Chemistry Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
  • Mathematics Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Physics Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
  • Production and Processing Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.


  • Critical Thinking Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Reading Comprehension Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Active Listening Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Writing Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Complex Problem Solving Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

In Summary - Metallurgist

Career Sectors

Metallurgists typically work in the following Career Sectors:

Chemical Science
Biological, Chemical & Pharmaceutical Science
Medical Devices
Biomedical Technologies & Medtech

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Further Information

The Work - Metallurgist

Metallurgists are experts on the structure, production and use of metals. They may specialise in chemical/extract, physical or process/mechanical metallurgy.  
Chemical/Extractive metallurgists extract metals from ore. They may also recycle scrap metal from obsolete products.  
Physical metallurgists test the reaction of metals to different conditions, including temperature and stress. In many industries, high performance metals are vital; metals used in the aircraft industry must be strong, light and reliable. Metallurgists test metals for corrosion, and signs of weakness caused by the cumulative effects of stress (metal fatigue). A metal may be subjected to very high temperatures, and X-rays used to see if the metal has altered internally.  
Process/Mechanical metallurgists control shaping methods like casting, and joining processes, like welding and soldering.  
The metal industries use sophisticated technology. In manufacturing, computers monitor production, identify faults and produce test results. Metallurgists can use lasers to cut through metals.  
Metallurgists play an important role in research and development, helping metal industries to meet customers' demands. For example, 70% of the steels used in cars did not exist ten years ago. Metallurgists have developed the new steels to provide the car industry with lighter and stronger materials.

Most commonly reported Work Tasks

  • Review new product plans and make recommendations for material selection based on design objectives, such as strength, weight, heat resistance, electrical conductivity, and cost.
  • Supervise the work of technologists, technicians, and other engineers and scientists.
  • Analyze product failure data and laboratory test results to determine causes of problems and develop solutions.
  • Conduct or supervise tests on raw materials or finished products to ensure their quality.
  • Plan and implement laboratory operations for the purpose of developing material and fabrication procedures that meet cost, product specification, and performance standards.
  • Design and direct the testing or control of processing procedures.
  • Monitor material performance and evaluate material deterioration.
  • Perform managerial functions, such as preparing proposals and budgets, analyzing labor costs, and writing reports.
  • Plan and evaluate new projects, consulting with other engineers and corporate executives as necessary.
  • Guide technical staff engaged in developing materials for specific uses in projected products or devices.

Most commonly reported Work Activities

  • Getting Information Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Analyzing Data or Information Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Thinking Creatively Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Interacting With Computers Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
  • Processing Information Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.

Interests - Metallurgist

This occupation is typically suited for people with the following Career Interests:


Realists are usually interested in 'things' - such as buildings, mechanics, equipment, tools, electronics etc. Their primary focus is dealing with these - as in building, fixing, operating or designing them. Involvement in these areas leads to high manual skills, or a fine aptitude for practical design - as found in the various forms of engineering.

Realists like to find practical solutions to problems using tools, technology and skilled work. Realists usually prefer to be active in their work environment, often do most of their work alone, and enjoy taking decisive action with a minimum amount of discussion and paperwork.


The Investigative person will usually find a particular area of science to be of interest. They are inclined toward intellectual and analytical activities and enjoy observation and theory. They may prefer thought to action, and enjoy the challenge of solving problems with sophiscticated technology. These types prefer mentally stimulating environments and often pay close attention to developments in their chosen field.


You will need an investigative mind, and a methodical approach to experiments. Research metallurgists must be willing to learn and develop new knowledge, and keep up-to-date with technological advances throughout the world. You should have an understanding of chemistry, applied physics and maths  
Metallurgists should be prepared to spend time in hot, noisy conditions, and must understand and keep to health and safety procedures. You must be able to use sophisticated equipment and techniques, including computers and lasers.  
Metallurgists work closely with sales and marketing departments, so you will need good team skills, and an understanding of the market that uses your metal or product. Because aerospace and automobile companies compete globally, metallurgists may travel abroad to advise international clients; language skills may give you an advantage.

Entry Requirements - Metallurgist

Pay & Salary - Metallurgist

Salary Range (thousands per year)* €27k - €50k

Entrants: 27 - 34
Established: 40 - 50

Data Source(s):

Last Updated: March, 2017

* The lower figures typically reflect starting salaries. Higher salaries are awarded to those with greater experience and responsibility. Positions in Dublin sometimes command higher salaries.

Labour Market Updates - Metallurgist

Useful Contacts - Metallurgist

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