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Realists are usually interested in 'things' - such as buildings, mechanics, equipment, tools, electronics etc. Their primary focus is dealing with these - as in building, fixing, operating or designing them. Involvement in these areas leads to high manual skills, or a fine aptitude for practical design - as found in the various forms of engineering.

Realists like to find practical solutions to problems using tools, technology and skilled work. Realists usually prefer to be active in their work environment, often do most of their work alone, and enjoy taking decisive action with a minimum amount of discussion and paperwork.

Salary Range
€111k - €227k
Career Zone

In Brief...

A judge presides over law courts and makes judgements based on the evidence presented to them and the existing, relevant legislation.


  • Law and Government Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
  • English Language Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Public Safety and Security Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
  • Psychology Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
  • Administration and Management Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.


  • Active Listening Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Critical Thinking Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Judgment and Decision Making Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Complex Problem Solving Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Reading Comprehension Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

In Summary - Judge

Career Sectors

Judges typically work in the following Career Sectors:

the Legal System
Law & Legal
Law & Legal

Videos on the Web

  • Judge- from: Youtube Search
  • Judge - from: icould [UK] Video

The Work - Judge

Using a thorough knowledge of the law, and after hearing whatever evidence is available for presentation, judges deliver their conclusions in a firm and fair way.  
Their job also calls on them to make sure a jury understands the process of a case. After a case has been heard they instruct the jury on aspects of the law and their responsibility towards it.  
Their work involves consultation with other professionals such as barristers, solicitors and legal executives. During and after the consultation of a case discretion is important as a lot of the information is of a confidential nature.  
Most judges work in one type of court such as the circuit court, high court, supreme court etc.

Most commonly reported Work Tasks

  • Read documents on pleadings and motions to ascertain facts and issues.
  • Rule on admissibility of evidence and methods of conducting testimony.
  • Instruct juries on applicable laws, direct juries to deduce the facts from the evidence presented, and hear their verdicts.
  • Award compensation for damages to litigants in civil cases in relation to findings by juries or by the court.
  • Monitor proceedings to ensure that all applicable rules and procedures are followed.
  • Preside over hearings and listen to allegations made by plaintiffs to determine whether the evidence supports the charges.
  • Research legal issues and write opinions on the issues.
  • Write decisions on cases.
  • Advise attorneys, juries, litigants, and court personnel regarding conduct, issues, and proceedings.
  • Interpret and enforce rules of procedure or establish new rules in situations where there are no procedures already established by law.

Most commonly reported Work Activities

  • Getting Information Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
  • Processing Information Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.

Interests - Judge

This occupation is typically suited for people with the following Career Interests:


Enterprising people like situations that involve using resources for personal or corporate economic gain. Such people may have an opportunistic frame of mind, and are drawn to commerce, trade and making deals. Some pursue sales and marketing occupations. Many will eventually end up owning their own business, or in management roles in larger organisations. They tend to be very goal-oriented and work best when focused on a target. Some have an entrepreneurial inclination.


The Social person's interests focus on interacting with the people in their environment. In all cases, the Social person enjoys the personal contact with other people in preference to the impersonal dealings with things, data and ideas found in other groups.

Many will seek out positions where there is direct contact with the public in some advisory role, whether a receptionist or a counsellor. Social people are motivated by an interest in different types of people and like diversity in their work environments. Many are drawn towards careers in the caring professions and social welfare area, whilst others prefer teaching and other 'informing' roles.


Administrative people are interested in work that offers security and a sense of being part of a larger process. They may be at their most productive under supervisors who give clear guidelines and while performing routine tasks in a methodical and reliable way.

They tend to enjoy clerical and most forms of office work, where they perform essential administrative duties. They often form the backbone of large and small organisations alike. They may enjoy being in charge of office filing systems, and using computers and other office equipment to keep things running smoothly. They usually like routine work hours and prefer comfortable indoor workplaces.


To be a judge you will have to be able to cope under pressure. You must be able to confidently shoulder a great deal of responsibility. You will have to have a firm approach to decision making and be able to present your opinion in an eloquent and persuasive manner.  
You will need interpersonal skills to work with other professionals, including solicitors, judges and other court staff.

Be prepared to have your privacy restricted; for example, your telephone number must be ex-directory.

Much out-of-hours reading and preparation will be required. A judge may actually receive a significantly smaller salary than the barristers appearing before him/her. For Supreme or High Court judges, however, the holiday allowance is generous.

Entry Requirements - Judge

Pay & Salary - Judge

Salary Range (thousands per year)* €111k - €227k

The following are the reduced salaries payable to judges appointed prior to 01.01.2012, inclusive of pension related deduction:
• Chief Justice: €227,168
• President of the High Court: €211,088
• Judge of the Supreme Court: €198,226
• President of the Circuit Court: €191,794
• Judge of the High Court: €186,973
• President of the District Court: €146,885
• Judge of the Circuit Court: €141,892
• Judge of the District Court: €123,881

The following are the salaries payable to new appointees to the bench from the 01.01.2012 inclusive of pension related deduction:
• Chief Justice: €204,657
• President of the High Court: €190,184
• Judge of the Supreme Court: €178,608
• President of the Circuit Court: €172,820
• Judge of the High Court: €168,481
• President of the District Court: €132,401
• Judge of the Circuit Court: €127,908
• Judge of the District Court: €111,698

Data Source(s):
Association of Judges of Ireland

Last Updated: February, 2016

* The lower figures typically reflect starting salaries. Higher salaries are awarded to those with greater experience and responsibility. Positions in Dublin sometimes command higher salaries.

Labour Market Updates - Judge

No shortages have been identified for this occupation.

National Skills Bulletin 2018

Useful Contacts - Judge

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