Featured Advice
What are your interests?



The Social person's interests focus on interacting with the people in their environment. In all cases, the Social person enjoys the personal contact with other people in preference to the impersonal dealings with things, data and ideas found in other groups.

Many will seek out positions where there is direct contact with the public in some advisory role, whether a receptionist or a counsellor. Social people are motivated by an interest in different types of people and like diversity in their work environments. Many are drawn towards careers in the caring professions and social welfare area, whilst others prefer teaching and other 'informing' roles.

Deferring your College Place

Deferral means that a CAO course offer will be held over for a student for next year academic year, on the basis of the application made this year, - regardless of any changes that occur in the entry requiremments or points for the same course next year.

Having been offered the course they really want, there can be any number of reasons for which a student might wish to defer the place for a year - changed circumstances such as bereavement, family commitments, health reasons, sporting opportunity, travel, or just to take a gap year after the hard slog of the Leaving Cert and Senior Cycle. So how do you go about it?

1. Check individual college sites

If you think you want to defer the course place offered, the first thing to do is to check individual college sites for their particular Deferral Policy. 

Always check individual college sites for their particular Deferral Policy

A list of direct links to college admissions and specific deferral policies is available below:

CIT - click here

DCU - click here

DKIT - click here

GMIT - click here

IADT -  click here

IT Carlow - click here

IT Sligo - click here

IT Tralee - click here

LIT - click here

LyIT - click here

Maynooth University - click here

NUI Galway - click here

TCD - click here

TU Dublin - Blanchardstown - click here

TU Dublin - City Campusclick here

TU Dublin - Tallaght - click here

UCC - click here

UCD - click here

UL - click here

WIT - click here

2. Contact the college

Whatever your reason for opting to defer, the next thing to do is contact the admissions office of the college concerned and explain clearly why you want to defer.

3. Informing the CAO

The college will then inform the CAO directly of your decision to defer. In some cases, deferral may not be possible, but this is rare.

There is a procedure laid out in the CAO handbook re Deferred Entry so you need to follow this. The important thing is to act quickly and do not delay.

4. How to proceed

If the college has confirmed that it operates a deferred entry policy for the course in question, when you receive a CAO Offer Notice:

  • DO NOT accept the offer in the manner shown on the Offer Notice.
  • IMMEDIATELY e-mail or write to the Admissions Office of the college concerned.
  • Give your name as it appears on your CAO application
  • Quote your CAO Application Number and the Course Code for the offer you wish to defer
  • State the reason(s) for the request to defer.
  • Be sure to include "DEFERRED ENTRY" clearly in the Subject Line of your e-mail (or on the envelope if using post).
  • Your communication must arrive in the Admissions Office at least two days before the "Reply Date" shown on the Offer Notice.
  • The college will communicate their decision to you.

If a deferral is granted

Where a deferral is granted, applicants will be required to submit a CAO application again on 1st February. This time, you list only the deferred course.

Having considered it carefully and arrived at a decision to defer, students should make a plan for how they will spend the year.

If a deferral is not granted

In the event that the deferral is not granted, you may then accept the offer for the current year.

You must send all communications about deferral to the Admissions Office of the college and NOT to the CAO.

Explore 'What's Next' where further questions are answered.