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What are your interests?



Administrative people are interested in work that offers security and a sense of being part of a larger process. They may be at their most productive under supervisors who give clear guidelines and while performing routine tasks in a methodical and reliable way.

They tend to enjoy clerical and most forms of office work, where they perform essential administrative duties. They often form the backbone of large and small organisations alike. They may enjoy being in charge of office filing systems, and using computers and other office equipment to keep things running smoothly. They usually like routine work hours and prefer comfortable indoor workplaces.

Leaving Cert Subjects

The Three Leaving Certs

You may not know that there is more than one type of Leaving Cert available to students. It is important to understand and explore what they involve and what suits you best. 

Leaving Certificate Established (LCE)

This is the most popular and longest running programme. It is available in all secondary schools.

The core subjects (English, Maths and Irish*) are compulsory. Your school will also offer a number of optional subjects.

Generally students will take study seven subjects, six of which will be counted for the purpose of CAO points if you choose to apply for college through the CAO. 

Choosing which optional subjects to study is an important process. Subject options should be considered in detail as there may be future implications regarding entry to college, or entry to certain careers, if particular subjects are not chosen, or are chosen at the wrong level (i.e. Ordinary level rather than Higher level).

Explore the Leaving Cert Subjects area for more information.

(*Unless you have an official exemption from Irish in place.)

Leaving Certificate Vocational Programme (LCVP)

LCVP combines regular Leaving Cert subjects with three additional compulsory link modules.

The link modules cover Enterprise Education, Preparation for Work and Work Experience.

Students take at least 5 Leaving Certificate subjects. These include English, Irish and two subjects from specified subject groupings, and a Modern European language, together with the three link modules.

For details on the link modules click here

Leaving Certificate Applied Programme (LCA)

The Leaving Certificate Applied is a two year Leaving Certificate available to students who wish to follow a practical programme with a strong practical and vocational emphasis. It is strongly job/employment focused. LCA is only available in selected schools and does not lead directly into third level education courses.

The two-year programme consists of four half-year blocks called sessions. Achievement is credited in each session. Courses are offered in three main areas: Vocational Preparation; General Education; and Vocational Education.


Assessment takes place on the completion of modules, and there is also a final examination in each of the following areas:

  • English and Communication
  • Two vocational specialisms
  • Mathematical Applications
  • Language
  • Social Education

Students who successfully complete the programme are awarded a Leaving Certificate at one of three levels: Pass, Merit or Distinction.

Students can progress to a wide range of Level 5/6 PLC Courses, many of which provide progression opportunities into third level colleges.

For more information go to www.pdst.ie

Daran Gibney, Chartered Tax Adviser

What subjects did you take in school and how have these influenced your career path?

I took all the usual subjects EXCEPT Accounting and Business Organization. I think that not doing any business subjects in secondary school led me onto choosing my college course – Business and Legal Studies in UCD. I felt that as a life skill I needed to have an idea of business and I am really glad I chose that course. It gave me the opportunity to pursue either a career in business or in law and interestingly I found that the legal knowledge I gained in college was of great benefit to me when training to be a CTA.
Ask me your first question!

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