Engineering is a diverse field with many distinct disciplines. The four most prominent are Mechanical, Chemical, Electrical & Electronic and Civil, follow the links to learn more about each of these disciplines. While engineers may start their career focusing on one specific field many will become multi-disciplinary as their career progresses, gaining experience and education in a broader range of engineering fields.
This section will provide a brief guide to a selection of the engineering fields you can work in, providing you with a sense of how your career will offer opportunities to specialise in an area of particular interest to you.
Aeronautical/Aerospace Engineering: Employed in the designing, testing and making of aircraft engines and other such aeronautical productions.
Agricultural Engineering: Focused on improving farm productivity through the development and maintenance of farm machinery and the design of agricultural systems and infrastructure.
Building Engineer: Building engineers are concerned with the planning, design, construction, operation, renovation, and maintenance of buildings, as well as with their impacts on the surrounding environment
Energy Engineer: Works on ways of producing energy from renewable or sustainable sources such as wind power, solar power or biofuels, or on more traditional sources such as oil and gas.
Marine Engineer: Works on the design, development, production, maintenance and repair of machinery and equipment used at sea and on board sea vessels such as ships.
Mechatronics Engineer: Researches, designs, develops, or tests various automation, intelligent systems, smart devices, or industrial systems controls.
Nuclear Engineer: Works on problems related to nuclear energy production and nuclear waste disposal.Structural Engineer: Designs and supervises the safe construction of structures like bridges, stadiums and large buildings.
With over 400 engineering courses offered across undergraduate and postgraduate level, there are no shortage of entry routes to a career in engineering. Most of these courses focus on a specific field of engineering and at postgraduate level the degree of specialisation becomes greater. If you’re set on a field there is likely to be a course that will allow you to study it from the outset, but many undergraduate engineering programs offer a general entry option, allowing students to study a range of topics and make a decision on their area of focus later, with the benefit of direct experience.
While engineers may start their career focusing on one specific field many will become multi-disciplinary as their career progresses, gaining experience and education in a broader range of engineering fields.