Featured Advice
What are your interests?



Not surprisingly, some aspect of the natural sciences will run through the Naturalist's interests - from ecological awareness to nutrition and health. People with an interest in horticulture, land usage and farming (including fish) are Naturalists.

Some Naturalists focus on animals rather than plants, and may enjoy working with, training, caring for, or simply herding them. Other Naturalists will prefer working with the end result of nature's produce - the food produced from plants and animals. Naturalists like solving problems with solutions that show some sensitivity to the environmental impact of what they do. They like to see practical results and prefer action to talking and discussing.

In this Sector...

Health & Fitness

Health & Fitness

The Health and Fitness sector is becoming increasingly diverse, there are now a wide range of businesses offering different approaches to living a healthy lifestyle. 

With many people becoming more health conscious they are using more of their free time to work on their fitness which in turn has lead to a rise in the number of gyms, personal trainers and even the creation of high tech fitness accessories and apps.

A career as a personal trainer has a lot of flexibility with many working outside of the typical nine to five day, one-to-one personal training is a popular option and can provide quite a lucrative and flexible working lifestyle. 

The downside of this type of arrangement can be financial unpredictability if client numbers decrease unexpectedly. A substantial element of a personal trainer's job also relates to knowledge about food and nutrition. Knowledge of marketing and social media could help you advance your career.

There is also a growing number of health food shops and supplement stores to cater for the needs of the fitness and sporting industry. 

As well as personal trainers gyms also employ a variety of other staff members including lifeguards, gym manager, nutritionist, receptionist and instructors to teach specific classes such as yoga, swimming, spinning or aerobics. The sector offers plenty of opportunities to travel and become self-employed

Technology has seen the fitness industry undergo a massive transformation. Gym users remain motivated with the help of new technology, for example, interactive workout programmes incorporated into gym equipment are helping exercisers track mileage, speed, number of workouts, calorie burn, and more.

Involvement in sport and fitness can contribute hugely to career sucess. A background of sporting achievement is viewed as a demonstration of the strong work ethic that is required to succeed in business.

Occupations in Health & Fitness
(sorted by Job Zone)

Sports Professional
Competes in a sport such as Gaelic Football, Rugby, Tennis, or Golf.
Golf Professional

There are two main types of Golf Professional: Tournament Players and Club Professionals


Exercises race horses and rides them in competitive races for the race horse owner.

Sports Coach / Instructor

Trains and coaches athletes and sports people helping them to improve their techniques and performance.

Entertainment / Sports Manager
Plans, organises, promotes, provide and develops leisure and recreational facilities, such as swimming pools and music venues.
Exercise and Health Instructor

Trains and advises people in health and fitness using various training techniques.

Fitness / Aerobics Instructor

Teaches, trains and demonstrates aerobic and anaerobic fitness methods to music.

Physical Therapist

Uses highly skilled, hands-on techniques to diagnose, prevent or treat underlying conditions and problems

Riding / Equestrian Instructor

Trains and instructs people to ride and care for ponies and horses at a stables.

Sports Therapist

Sports therapists help sports people and athletes to prepare physically and mentally for competition.


Provides specialist dietary planning advice and information.


Advises on the nutritional and dietetic value and content of food products and may be involved in planning and implementation of therapeutic diets.

Personal Trainer

Leads people in exercise activities. He or she works with individuals or groups, providing both instruction and motivation.


Treats patients recovering from illness or injury using massage and exercise.

Physiotherapist - Sports

Works with people who are involved in sports to reach peak performance. Advises and treats sports injuries and assists in achieving fast recovery.